The First Mixed Martial Art

Grandmaster Clarence Emperado Luna closely observes his students

Grandmaster Clarence Emperado Luna closely observes his students

Clarence Emperado Luna’s stepfather created Kajukenbo — A combination of Karate, Judo, Kenpo and Boxing — And now he’s carrying on the legacy

Imagine challenging world-renowned fighter Bruce Lee to a duel. Now imagine Lee declining the offer, saying he would never spar with a master of kajukenbo.

This is a story Clarence Emperado Luna, son of kajukenbo founder Sijo Adriano D. Emperado, loves telling.

“It was back in the ’70s,” Emperado Luna starts. “I was in intermediate school going to Central (middle school).”

His mom Linda and stepdad Emperado went to an international tournament in Long Beach, where they happened to sit next to Bruce Lee and his wife Linda. Naturally, the two Lindas hit it off, which allowed Sijo Emperado and Lee to engage in their own discussion.

Sijo Emperado urged Lee to meet him on the mat after the tournament to see the difference between Lee’s fighting arts and kajukenbo.

“And Bruce Lee said, ‘No. I would never fight a kajukenbo,'” Emperado Luna says.

Just what makes kajukenbo such a respected martial art?

Emperado Luna explains that the fight style is the world’s first mixed martial art, and includes every aspect of self-defense. The name itself reflects the five fight styles merged by Sijo Emperado: Ka (Korean karate), Ju (judo and jiu-jitsu), Ken (kenpo or kempo), and Bo (Chinese boxing or kung fu). The symbols in the kajukenbo name also have a secondary meaning: “Through this fist style, one gains long life and happiness.”

Sijo Emperado created the art form thanks to four masters: Peter Young Yil Choo (Korean karate), Joe Holock (judo), Frank Ordonez (jiu-jitsu), and Clarence George Chang (kung fu and Chinese boxing). The art of Chuan-Fa kung fu was incorporated in 1959.

“They shared each other’s-knowledge back and forth in the ’40s,” Emperado Luna says, “and that’s why they call themselves the Black Belt Society.”

The group worked together for two years before the Korean War, but once the war started the four masters went off to fight while Sijo Emperado stayed back home in Hawaii as part of the harbor police.

“He started breaking down the names and started pulling each segment from each background, and he formed the kajukenbo system in the state of Hawaii,” continues Emperado Luna.

Sijo Emperado’s Method started with a three-leaf clover as a sign of kajukenbo schools he founded in Palama Settlement, Kaimuki and Wahiawa.

Sigung Jeff Pang demonstrates a take-down on Will Malina

Sigung Jeff Pang demonstrates a take-down on Will Malina

From these schools, several black belt students traveled to San Francisco and started spreading the fire of kajukenbo.

From Hawaii, Sijo Emperado founded Kajukenbo Self-Defense Institute Inc. (KSDI), and the art started growing rapidly and now spans international boundaries.

Emperado Luna grew up in housing projects, and the eight people in his family were on welfare.

“We were struggling, but we had a lot of love,” he adds.

While growing up, he was fortunate to have Sijo Emperado come into his life after his parents’ divorce to help raise him and teach him the famous mixed martial art.

When Emperado Luna graduated from McKinley High in 1976 at the age of 18, he made the decision to move out of his parents’ house.

Sijo Emperado asked him what he wanted to do when he grew up. Emperado Luna’s response?

“I said I’m going to buy a condominium, get a job, and I’m going to get a nice sports car and I’m going to die of AIDS,” Emperado Luna says with a laugh. “He told me to raise my hand, and I thought he was going to break my fingers.”

Instead, Sijo Emperado urged him to get a trade and get a degree — words of wisdom Emperado Luna took seriously.

Other than being the caretaker of kajukenbo, he has dual degrees in graphic arts (Leeward Community College) and commercial arts (Honolulu Community College) and upon graduating also spent some time teaching in the respective fields.

“Nobody knew I was teaching,” says Emperado Luna, a Kaneohe resident who at the time was working the night shift with the Honolulu Advertiser since 1978. Today he does maintenance on the Oahu Publications press at Kapolei.

He also has a degree in carpentry from HCC and took classes in police science and drafting.

Emperado Luna eventually made his way to the day shift.

“I was kind of bored, so for three years I carried a gun and a badge,” he says. “I almost shot an old lady and a homeless person.”

Sijo Emperado once asked him, “What else didn’t you get into yet?”

His response was one any father would be proud of: “You told me to get a degree and a trade, so I did that.”

Emperado Luna’s goal is to bring kajukenbo back to the ’70s mentality of respect and discipline that he grew up with.

“No matter what kind of martial arts you took, if you had a black uniform or a white uniform, we fought in a tournament, and win or lose, we were still friends,” says the 55-year-old.

He relays a scenario where parents of 7 or 8-year old children carry their children’s bags into the kajukenbo studio.

“I tell them to give him his bag or give her her bag,” explains Emperado Luna, who joined the U.S. Coast Guard Reserve at the age of 50. “Because what if you die tomorrow? They need to learn to stand on their feet. They need to learn to carry themselves.”

Some young ones head into Emperado Luna’s studio with an attitude.

“I change it,” he says. “We want to make you into a responsible, respectful person. I want them to do good in life.

“There are two things I don’t want out of my students. I don’t want to go to their funeral, and I don’t want to visit them in the hospital.”

His hope for students is that they contain attributes similar to a sponge:

“Don’t be heard, just be seen. You’re a little one growing up, and once you reach a certain age you can say your peace. But right now, you’re just a sponge absorbing all the information the world can give you.”

Emperado Luna’s headquarters are at 777 S. Hotel St., but his goal is not just to teach students how to excel at kajukenbo.

“I want to give back,” he says. “I want to keep the legacy going. I told myself if I do good in my lifetime, I’m going to give back because that’s where I started from.”

To keep Sijo Emperado’s legacy going, the nonprofit Kajukenbo Self-Defense Institute Headquarters was formed.

“There are about 20 to 30 students who come from unfortunate situations,” he explains. “Everything is free for them. We buy their uniforms, and we give them free training.

“I look at it as everybody has bad luck in life, but if you give them a chance you can guide them and lead them in the right direction.”